Luigi Pirandello (1867-1936) was born in Girgenti, Sicily, was an Italian dramatist, novelist, poet and short story writer. He studied philology at Rome and at Bonn and wrote a dissertation on the dialect of his native town (1891). From 1897 to 1922 he was professor of aesthetics and stylistics at the Real Istituto di Magistere Femminile at Rome. Pirandello’s works include novels, hundreds of short stories, and about 40 plays. He was awarded the 1934 Nobel Prize in Literature for his “bold and brilliant renovation of the drama and the stage”.